Las críticas a la hipótesis Gaia de Lovelock (Lovelock y Margulis , de una teoría Gaia científica partiendo de la hipótesis inicial de Lovelock: Gaia es un. La Tierra es un Organismo Vivo y Sentiente – Es Hora de Dejar de Vivir en La Tierra y Empezar a Cohabitar – Philosophical Implications of The Gaia Theory. The Gaia hypothesis was formulated by the chemist. James Lovelock and The Gaia theory posits that the Earth is a self-regulating complex system involving.
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Constraints on adaptation are important for planetary self-regulation”. InTyler Volk argued that a Gaian system is almost inevitably produced as a result of an evolution towards far-from-equilibrium homeostatic states that maximise entropy production, and Kleidon agreed stating: Lichen and other organisms accelerate the weathering of rocks in the surface, while the decomposition of rocks also happens faster in the soil, thanks to the activity of roots, fungi, bacteria and subterranean animals.
The existence of a planetary homeostasis influenced by living forms had been observed previously in the field of biogeochemistryuipotesis it is being investigated also in other fields like Earth system science. Basic Books,p.
Retrieved 1 December A New Look At Evolution. Among many other speakers: The elements that comprise salinity do not readily change and are a conservative property of seawater. Many processes in the Earth’s surface essential for the conditions of life depend on the interaction of living forms, especially microorganismswith inorganic elements. Basic Books,pp.
In this view, the atmosphere, the seas and the terrestrial crust would be results of interventions carried out by Gaia through the coevolving diversity of living organisms. Lynn Margulis hupotesis, a microbiologist who collaborated with Lovelock in supporting the Gaia hypothesis, argued inthat ” Darwin ‘s grand vision was not hipotesi, only incomplete.
Animate Earth Science, Intuition and Gaia. After initially being largely ignored by most scientists from untilthereafter for a period the initial Gaia hypothesis was criticized by a number of scientists, such as Ford Doolittle Richard Dawkins  and Stephen Jay Gould.
Compositional and other changes associated with the presence of Life”. Wholeness and Disintegration in Ecology and Science. The New York Times Magazine.
The resulting co-evolving dynamical process eventually leads to the convergence of equilibrium and optimal conditions”. Retrieved 19 October The Introduction to Ocean Sciences.
Global warming and climate change. L’ambientalismo nuclearista di James Lovelock.
hipotesia New Scientistp. Once dead, the living organisms’ shells fall to the bottom of the oceans where they generate deposits of chalk and limestone. This new statement of the Gaia hypothesis was more acceptable to the scientific community. In the biogeochemical processes of the earth, sources and sinks are the movement of elements.
In microbiologist Dr. The role of selection is to favor organisms that are best adapted to prevailing environmental conditions.
Gaia hypothesis – Wikipedia
The Gaia hypothesis was an influence on the deep ecology movement. The major questions were: Another influence for the Gaia hypothesis and the environmental movement in general came as a side effect of the Space Race between the Soviet Union and the United States of America.
According to the data gathered by the Pic du Midi observatoryplanets like Mars or Venus had atmospheres in chemical equilibrium. Thermodynamics of Hipotesiz and Earth system functioning”.
A significant argument raised against it are the many examples where life has had a detrimental or destabilising effect on the environment rather than acting to regulate it.
Mechanical metaphors, according to Abram, lead us to overlook the active or agential quality of living entities, while the organismic metaphorics of the Gaia hypothesis accentuate the active agency of both the biota and the biosphere as a whole.
Dry air in the atmosphere of Earth contains roughly by volume
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